The Value of Humic Substances in the Carbon Lifecycle of Crops:

Humic Acids, Fulvic Acids, and Beyond.

A New White Paper from Huma Gro®

This white paper is based on an article by Huma Gro® staff originally published in the January 2017 issue of AgroPages Magazine.

Humic substances play an important role in soil fertility and crop yield. This article provides a basic overview of what humic substances are, how they are created, and how they work. Discussion is provided on how to add humic content to crop soil, including the use of commercial products such as the Huma Gro® line of carbon-rich organic acids.

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For more information on Huma Gro® Carbon-Rich Organic Acids, go to https://humagro.com/huma-gro-products/organic-acids/.

To view an online version of the complete Huma Gro® Product Catalog, go to http://bit.ly/HumaGroCatalog2017.

Saying Goodbye to Soil Fumigants

An Effective and Responsible Approach

A New White Paper from Huma Gro®

While the routine use of pre-plant soil fumigants has become standard practice for many growers over the years, problems with product availability, safety restrictions, ecological concerns, and soil sustainability have begun to call the practice into question. Growers are now faced with a dilemma: Fumigation has been an easy solution to many causes of decreased crop yields, but what options are available that are as effective to protect yield yet still responsible when it comes to health, safety, and environmental impact?

This article highlights sustainable alternatives to soil fumigation, including the combination use of two specific Huma Gro® products, Promax® and Zap®, that provide effective nematicide/fungicide actions while building a vigorous soil biology for the natural improvement of soil health and fertility.

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For more information on Promax®, go to https://humagro.com/PCC317

What Is Soil? (Part 1.1)

by Johann Buck, PhD

This two-part article continues our 2015 series on soil as we recognize the International Year of Soils. In Part 1.1 we define soil and its formation. In Part 1.2 we’ll continue with soil texture, structure, and color.

“Daddy, which is this – soil or dirt?” That’s the question Billy asked his father in one of my favorite The Family Circus comic strips.

Let’s begin with dirt. The word “dirt” is derived from the Old Norse word “drit,” which means excrement. Dirt is what you get under your fingernails or on your clothing or shoes while working in soil.

Several definitions exist for soil. Many of those definitions are, let’s be honest, dull. (Those specific definitions of soil can be found on the USDA Soil Education Web page). The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) first defines soil as “an amazing substance.” The SSSA continues to define soil as “a complex mix of minerals, air, water, and countless microorganisms, soil forms at the surface of the land and comes in many types.” In other words, soil possesses life, it supports life, and that makes soil exciting!

Okay, so soil is alive and exciting. How does it form? What is it made of? What does it look like?

Soil Formation
CLORPT. No, that word isn’t Klingon: it stands for “Climate, Organisms, Relief (landscape), Parent material, and Time.” These represent the five major soil-forming factors.

“Climate” determines the kind of plant and animal life that reside on and in the soil. Climate also influences soil temperature, the amount of water available for weathering minerals, and the rate of chemical weathering.

“Organisms,” such as plants and animals, contribute to the formation of soil by adding organic matter. Fungal and bacterial microorganisms subsequently break down the organic matter into a semi-soluble material known as humus, while insects, earthworms, and burrowing animals aid in the distribution of humus throughout the soil. Humus contributes to both soil chemical and physical properties. Humus is composed of small particles, which results in high surface area. These small particles contribute to the soil’s ability to supply and retain essential plant nutrients. The presence of humus can also improve soil physical properties such as water-holding capacity. Humus and its benefits will be addressed in subsequent newsletter articles.

The “Relief,” or landscape, includes the slope, aspect, and position of the soil. The steepness, shape, and length of slope affects the way water flows on or off the soil. Aspect is the compass direction that a slope faces and therefore affects soil temperature. North-facing slopes in the United States, generally speaking, are cooler and wetter than south-facing slopes.

“Parent material” is the mineral and organic material from which soil formation begins. The formation of soils is a continuous process that requires thousands of years for significant changes to occur. This is why “Time” is included as one of the five soil-forming factors. It is this weathering of the parent material over time that leads to the development of the soil horizons.

SoilHorizonsStylin’ and Profilin’
Soil forms in layers, and these layers are often parallel to the soil surface. Technically, these layers are called horizons and their formation is called horizonation. Although these horizons are
related, they differ from each other chemically, physically, and biologically. There are five master horizons, each represented by a letter (see Fig. at left): O, A, E, B, and C. A sixth horizon, represented by the letter R, is used to denote the underlying bedrock. The vertical arrangement of soil horizons is known as the soil profile. Soil profiles vary from location to location, and not all soil profiles possess all five master horizons. (Expanded details for each horizon can be found in the USDA NRCS publication, From the Ground Down.) Soils on older, more stable surfaces will generally possess well-defined soil horizons. The longer a soil has been exposed to events such as rain and plant growth, the more developed the soil profile.

Methodologies exist that scientists use to describe the components and characteristics of the soil profile. These standardized soil-profile descriptions are used to decide how a soil may be used and/or predict how a soil may react to its intended use. Not only are these soil descriptions useful for farmers, they are also useful for civil engineers, ecologists, and hydrologists – to name a few.

Be sure to read part 1.2 of this article in our next newsletter. Keep growing, and make it a good day!

Dr. Buck is North America Director of Technical Services for HUMA GRO®.

Read this and other articles in the Spring 2015 issue of The Solution at http://bhn.uberflip.com/i/513498-bhn-spring-2015-newsletter. Past issues are located at http://bhn.us/newsletters/.

Southwest Ag Summit

SWAgSummit

Come see us at the Southwest Ag Summit at Arizona Western College in Yuma, Arizona, on February 25–26. Ray Speakman and Nathan Smith will be there in Booth 52 to answer all of your Huma Gro questions. For more information, go to www.swagsummit.com.

20th Annual Commodity Classic

Blazing-to-Success

Come see us at the 20th Annual Commodity Classic at the Phoenix Convention Center in Phoenix, Arizona, on February 26–28. Alan Merrill and Johann Buck, PhD, will be there in Booth 1438 to answer all of your Huma Gro questions. For more information, go to www.commodityclassic.com.

Solving Agricultural Challenges with HUMA GRO®

This video is about solving the challenges of modern agriculture & crop fertility with HUMA GRO® product line: Sustainable Soil Fertility & Carbon-Rich Organic Acids, Optimal Growth Managers, Ultra-Efficient Crop Nutrition, and Zero-Residue Crop Protection.  With HUMA GRO®, growers can apply less and see more benefits from our Micro Carbon Technology®. HUMA GRO® enhances fruit quality and increases yields while being environmentally sustainable. Watch this video featuring Lyndon Smith, President/CEO.